O. L. Yaroshenko


The article reviews issues related to selection of lexical material for developing exercises for forming lexical skills in reading, speaking, listening, writing and translation. The absence of the lexical minimum makes it much more difficult for a teacher to control and evaluate the formation of the foreign language competence. Taking into account that selection of lexical minimum must be carried out with consideration of many factors (such as program requirements, learning environment and language skills) and certain principles and procedures, it is necessary to draw up an algorithm of actions to select lexical units. Selection of lexical units is a stage-by-stage process which in certain sequence employs different methods and means of selection. The article analyses polystatic and static means of selecting lexical material as well as factors which influence the measurement of usage frequency of lexical units. The article gives description of modeling method and system approach towards selecting lexical material. A procedure of forming minimum vocabulary as a model of language system is offered. The article proves that selected lexical minimum in its main characteristics has to meet the requirements of efficiency, reliability, communicative sufficiency, correspondence to communicative needs of specialists of a certain field. The article has four parts: an introduction explaining the topicality, aims and objectives of the article, two parts with the main research material and conclusions.


minimum vocabulary, lexical unit, means of selection, methods of selection, active vocabulary, passive vocabulary


Bukhbinder, V. А. (1986) Working on vocabulary.Fundamentals of foreign language teaching. Кyiv: Vyshcha shkola [in Russian].

Vareshkina, N. V. (1992) Selection and organization of minimum vocabulary for teaching English on humanitarian faculty. Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Kyiv, Ukraine: KNLU [in Russian].

Stepaschenko, S.M. (1993) Selecting minimum vocabulary for intensive teaching of German on the primary stage of language university. Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Kyiv, Ukraine: KNLU [in Ukrainian].

GOST Style Citations

  1. Бухбиндер В. А. Работа над лексикой / В.А. Бухбиндер // Основы методики преподавания иностранных языков. – К.: Вища школа, 1986. – С. 159-179.
  2. Варешкина Н. В. Отбор и организация словаря-минимума для обучения английскому языку на гуманитарном факультете : автореф. дис. на здобуття наук. ступеня канд. пед. наук : спец. 13.00.02 / Н.В. Варешкина.– К., 1992. – 17 с.
  3. Степащенко С.М. Відбір словника-мінімуму для інтенсивного навчання німецької мови на початковому етапі мовного вузу : автореф. дис. на здобуття наук. ступеня канд. пед. наук : спец. 13.00.02 / С.М. Степащенко – К., 1993. – 17 с.

Copyright (c) 2015 Journal of the National Technical University of Ukraine “KPI”: Philology and Educational Studies

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2410-8278 (Online), ISSN 2307-1591 (Print)