Communicative Strategies and Tactics of the English Language Literary Text Author


  • N.V. Glinka Kyiv, National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, Ukraine
  • А. V. Ivanytsia Kyiv, National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, Ukraine


communicative strategies, communicative tactics, literary text, presentational strategy, stylistic, graphic, lexico-stylistic and grammatical means of realization


The paper is devoted to the study of the communicative strategies and tactics of the English language literary text author. According to the analysis of theoretical sources and empirical data, the main functional types of communicative strategies and tactics of their implementation have been outlined. The major stylistic, graphical, lexicо-stylistical, and grammatical means of realization of the tactics of presentational strategy as the dominant type were illustrated by the examples from the novel of Virginia Woolf «Mrs. Dalloway». Considering the main types of communicative strategies and tactics, their sub-strategies and detailed classification, the article analyzes the main stylistic, graphical, lexical-stylistic and grammatical means of  realization of the presentation strategy.  These are the tactics of stimulation, change of speaking subjects, a compliment of the speaker to the addressee, feigned politeness, distraction the addressee's attention from the existing problems and reactive. These tactics are realized in speech by the use of imperatives, rhetorical questions, inclusive, impersonal sentences, stylistically colored parts of speech, repetitions. The implementation of the intimisation tactic involves graphical tools such as the repetition of colons, exclamation, expressive punctuation, the division of text into the paragraphs, change the font size. Some authors use a lexico-stylistic means (such as slang, emotive words, as well as grammatical means (to implement the tactics of evaluation, shortening the distance between the narrator and the reader). During the study of communicative strategies and tactics both linguo stylistic and pragmatic approaches are integrated to be applied to address those areas of communications where the senders consciously and purposefully plan their communicative actions.

Author Biographies

N.V. Glinka, Kyiv, National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”

PhD, Assoc.Prof., Department of Theory, Practice and Translation of the English Language

А. V. Ivanytsia, Kyiv, National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”

Национальный технический университет Украины "Киевский политехнический институт имени Игоря Сикорского


Arnaudov, M. (2014). Psyhologiya literaturnoyi tvorchosti [Literary art psychology]. Moscow, Russia: ‘Impuls’.

Arnold, V. (2009). Semanics. Stylistics. Intertextuality. St. Petersburg, Russia: SPB.

Bacevych, F. (2010). Narysy z komunikatyvnoyi lingvistyky [Communicative linguistics outlines]. L`viv, Ukraine: Vyd-vo Ivan Franko LNU.

Behta, I.(2004). Dyskurs naratora v anglijskij prozi [Narrator’s discourse in English non-fiction literature]. Kyiv, Ukraine: Gramota.

Borysova, I. N. (1996). Diskursivnyye strategii v razgovornom dialoge [Discourse strategies in dialogue]. In T.V.Matveeva (ed.) Russkaya razgovornaya rech kak yavleniye gorodskoy kultury (pp.21-28). Ekaterenburg : Izd-vo UrGPU.

Golajdenko, L.& Prokofyeva, I. (2001). Zasoby obraznosti: tropy ta figury [Figurative means: tropes, figures of speech]. Ufa, Russia.

Dudyk, P. (2005). Stylistyka ukrainskoi movy: navch. posibnyk [Sylistics of Ukrainian language: study guide]. Kyiv, Ukraine: “Akademiya”.

Virdzhyniya Vulf. Zhinky ta rozpovidna literature [Virginia Woolf. Narative literatre and women] (n.d.). Retrieved 15 September 2017 from:

Issers, O. S. (2003). Komunikatyvni strategiyi i taktyky rosijskoyi movy [Russian Language communicative strategies and tactics]. Moscow, URSS: Moskva.

Skovorodny`kov, A. P. (2011) About the distinction between the lay figure, the stylistic figure, the speech tactic and the speech genre in practical terminological lexicography. Rytoryka – Lingvistyka Smolensk SDPU, 5, 26-49.

Trufanova, V. V(2001). O razhranichenii ponyatiy: rechevoy akt, rechevoy zhanr, rechevaya stratehiya, rechevaya taktika [On the distinction between the speech act, speech genre, speech strategy and speech tactics]. Filologicheskie nauki, 3, 56-65.

Yanovs`ka, R. (2000). «Missis Dellouey» V. Vulf: problema realnogo kommunikativnogo prostranstva [Mrs Dalloway: the problem of real communicative field]. Baltiyskiy filologicheskiy kuryer, 1, 175-181.