Factors of Adult Learners’ Motivation in the Pedagogical Heritage of M. Knowles.

Iryna Lytovchenko


Based on an analysis of scientific works by Malcolm Knowles the article substantiates the factors of adult learners‘ motivation, reveals the essence of the concept of ―adul according to M. Knowles, identifies needs and goals of adult learners aimed at their self-fulfillment.


adult learner; educational needs and goals; self-fulfillment; prevention of obsolescence; self-identity; maturity; M. Knowles


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Knowles M. S. Informal adult education: A guide for administrators, leaders and teachers / Malcolm Shepherd Knowles. — New York : Association Press, 1950. — xvi, 272 p.

Knowles M. S. The modern practice of adult education: Andragogy versus pedagogy / Malcolm Shepherd Knowles. — New York: Associated Press, 1970. — 384 p.

Knowles M. S. The modern practice of adult education: From pedagogy to andragogy / Malcolm Shepherd Knowles. — Chicago: Associated Press Follett Publishing Company, 1980. — 400 p.

Maslow A. Motivation and personality / Abraham Maslow. – New York : Harper, 1954. — xiv, 411 p.

Merriam S. B. Learning in adulthood: A comprehensive guide / S. B. Merriam, R.S. Caffarella. — San Francisco : Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1999. — xviii, 502 p.

Overstreet H. A. The mature mind / Harry Allen Overstreet. — New York: W. W. Norton, 1949. — 295 p.

Paterson R. W. Values, education, and the adult / Ronald William Paterson. – London ; Boston : Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1979. – viii, 306 p.

Recommendation on the Development of Adult Education: UNESCO‘s General

Conference [19th session] (Nairobi, 26 October – 30 November, 1976) / UNESCO. – Nairobi, 1976. – 13 p.

Rose A. D. Ends or means: An overview of the history of the Adult Education Act [Електронний ресурс] / Amy D. Rose. – Columbus, OH: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, 1991. – 43 p. – Режим доступу: http://www.eric.ed.gov/PDFS/ED341875.pdf.

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