Types of speech activities in teaching foreign language for specific purposes

N. S. Nikitina


This article describes the types of speech activity in the process of teaching a foreign language to students of higher educational institutions. A brief review of the literature on the subject was made. Each type of speech activity is described separately, as well as showing the skills for each type of speech activity at the initial stage and at the bachelor level (B2). It is shown that for the successful teaching of a foreign language, it is important to combine different types to consolidate certain lexical or grammatical material. The emphasis in the article is the fact that skills for each separate speech activity should cover the area of foreign language of a professional orientation. Submitting new material, it is necessary to fix it at all levels of perception (audio, video, tables and charts). New lexical or grammatical material is desirable to practice using all kinds of speech activity. Today there are many interactive and multimedia tools to help and facilitate the process of learning and retention of foreign language skills. Modern education is designed not only to prepare highly skilled professionals but also for the development of personal abilities of the student, the discovery and development of his potential. Students are interested in creative tasks where they can express their individuality, or, conversely, the ability to work in a team (if it is a team task). Thus, students can prepare interesting information using multimedia or interactive devices.


reading; writing; listening; speaking; skills


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