I. P. Borkovska


The article examines the features of the extralingual and lingual means in the texts of business documents. The research serves to clarify how extralingual means,  such as connection between communication and vital functions of people, the existence of explicit content ( the absent of  implication),  precision,  nonperson character, standardization, stereotypes in the building of the text, obliging character, objectivity, imperative character, documentation, formality, laconicism influence lingual means in the texts of business documents. We conducted a thorough analysis of lingual means in business documents, which make up exclusive system and the base of this system contains the units of three levels: lexical, morphological and syntactic. On the ground that content of the business text depends on sphere of social life where this text exists, it can contain social, political, juridical, scientific vocabulary. Nevertheless, after the detailed lexical analysis of the certain layer of vocabulary was highlighted. Business vocabulary includes clichés, archaic words and phrases and it is considered as a typical peculiarity of such a text. A number of the borrowing words especially French and Latin were analyzed. It should be noted that contractions, abbreviation, verbonominants are widespread in this kind of the texts. In addition, key peculiarities of verbs, using in the texts of business documents up, are illustrated.


imperative character; lingual means; system; clichés; phraseology; contractions

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ISSN 2410-8278 (Online), ISSN 2307-1591 (Print)